Dentistry is a medical field that deals with the study, diagnosis, prevention and finally treatment of diseases that deal with the oral cavity. The mouth is part of the human body that is very important in survival of a human being. It is very essential to keep your mouth in a good and health condition. A dentist it the professional who deals with diseases of the oral cavity. Most of the procedures in the oral cavity done by the dentist always involve minor surgeries to help with removal of the unwanted things in the mouth. The following are some of the periodontal procedures that are used in the fiend of dentistry by a dentist.
Gum grafts is a common remedy that dentists do use as a remedy for diseases that affect the gum in a very bad way. Gum grafts are always done when the root of your teeth have been exposed as a result of gum recession. The procedure involves the dentist gum tissues from your palates and use them to cover the roots of the teeth that have been exposed. In cases where you do not have enough gum tissues the dentist will get them from other sources. Being able to cover the teeth is very essential in preventing tooth decay which is a very common disease of the oral cavity and also get to reduce the sensitivity nature of the teeth. This is also good in preventing gum recession and also prevent bone loss.
Scaling and root planning are some of the examples of non surgical procedures in the periodontal procedure performed by dentists. This non surgical procedure will involve the scraping and removal tartar and plaques that exists on your teeth. They will also remove them from the roots of the teeth by scraping them. The dentist will then finish by smoothing the scraped surface. This process can take more than just a single visit to be completed. During this process an anesthetic is always administered through injection of the gums.
Another procedure used in dentistry is known as the pocket reduction procedure. This will always be done after the scraping and root planning process. This are due to the fact that it leaves the gum tissues the way they were before. This is because of the deep pocket areas that have been formed on oral cavity. This will force you to do a periodontal pocket reduction or even undergo a surgical procedure which is also known as flap surgery. During this procedure the dentist will fold the gum and tissues back. This will expose the hidden infectious bacteria that was under the unfold gum and clean it well. The dentist will also smoothening the damaged bones hence allowing the gum tissues to reattach with the bone well.